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Points to Remember on Criminal Law With regards to criminal and penal law, it refers to a similar type of law. Depending on the jurisdiction and the offense made, the punishments of these laws can be distinctive and severe. Fines, execution, imprisonment, probation and parole are some of the most common forms of punishment for these type of laws. Sometimes, the line between criminal and civil law becomes less distinct. The members of an indigenous group of people produces the first written code of law many years ago. In the past, when these early codes were written, criminal and civil law were not separated at all. A criminal law is unique in such a way that it has a potential for serious consequences and failure to follow the rules. In the event that imprisonment is ordered, it can be solitary and an individual can get imprisoned for the rest of his life. The rules that are set by the parole or probation department should be followed by the individuals that are placed on house arrest which is another from confinement. Property and money may also be removed from the possession of those people who are convicted.
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The five categories of penalties include deterrence, punishment, restitution, retribution and incapacitation. Depending on the type of jurisdiction, these penalties will also vary..
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Crimes that are heinous in nature and poses a great impact on the society and the entire areas are dealt with using the public international law. Public international law started right after world war 2 with the trials that occurred in a certain place. The trials that happened during those times started to held individuals responsible for their actions despite the fact that they are only acting in behalf of their government. These individuals cannot even claim sovereign immunity. In implementing most of the laws, a fear of punishment is created. Typically, criminal law forbids the people from doing undesirable acts. When a crime is committed through an action, a lack of action or a threat to action, it will require evidence for a guilty act or actus reus. On top of that, a physical element is needed to prove an actus reus. Actus reus applies if someone is in charge of someone else, regardless if it is through a contract, living together, blood relation, or by means of an official position. Dangerous situations due to a person’s own actions is also applicable to actus reus. The Good Samaritan law applies in situations like these. Some of the crimes like regulatory offenses does not need anything more. These type of crimes are known as strict liability offenses. It is very important to accomplish the proof of intent for these crimes due to its potential severity of consequences.