OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
Nearly any facility could have an hazardous spill. It is always a good thing to train your staff on how to handle chemical and material spills even when the risk of it actually spilling is minimal. OSHA defines five levels of training in the Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response regulation.
Creating awareness for the first responder
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. this level requires only four hours of training as the employees here are only taught the basics regarding handling chemicals. They are also taught how to recognize a hazmat emergency and who to contact.
First Responder Operations
the first responder of operations is responsible for keeping unauthorized people away from the spills as well as preventing it from spreading. The employees at this level are required to take 8 hours of training. Here the training is more advanced as they are taught about risk assessment as well as the terms used to refer hazardous materials. Also they learn personal protective equipment use, simple control and containment operations and how to implement basic decontamination procedures.
Training the technicians.
At this level, the staff to be trained are those that actually get into the spill area and stop the spill from spreading. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. Their training covers chemical and toxicological hazards and risk assessment techniques. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
Training the specialist.
Hazardous materials specialists are experts on how to handle all of the hazardous materials in your site and they work with federal, state, local and other Government officials if necessary. This training takes 24 hours just like that of the technicians but it is more indepth when it comes to discussing the various types of hazardous material. This training delves further to discussing the various decontamination procedures and which is appropriate and for which situation as well as how to perform the procedures not forgetting the various personal protective equipment for various situation.
Incident commanders receive the highest level of HAZMAT training as they are in charge of all cleanup operations. The amount of hours needed for training varies from facility to facility but they are required at least 24 hours of class training. The commanders are required to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans in case of a spill. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.